Economic Security Policy of Russia

At LIBERTAS – Europäisches Institut we may have our own opinions about Russian foreign and domestic policy, but we follow consequently a course of exchanges of views in scientific research. In this context we appreciate the constructive relations with Russian Economic University of Omsk/Siberia. Due to this scientific exchange, the book „Economic Security Policy of the Russian Federation“ was just published – in English. Based on the cooperation of three professors, Sergei Metelev, Rector of the Russian Economic University after Plekhanov in Omsk, Economist, Miroslav Murat, author of many articles and monographs in social sciences, and Vladimir V. Lizanov, who is a professor and researcher in economics and natural sciences, also from Omsk.

This book is dedicated to the theoretical and methodological fundamentals and to practical issues of economic security in Russia and its regions. The authors review threats to economic security, but also measure to ensure it, as well as criteria to detect corruption in regulation and administrative decisions. Indicators for the economic security of the state are named, but also a conception for this kind of security in the regions. The book also deals with external and internal threats to economic security of the regions; it describes the matter as comprehensive evaluation of socio-economic development of the region. Particular attention is paid to identification of the ways ensuring economic security, not only on federal but also on regional level. This book is helpful for all those who want to undertake comparative studies,  in the fields of national, regional, economic and other types of security. For state-owned enterprises, management of corporations, local, regional and state government, economists. And partly this is also the „reverse side“ of what is called in the West „hybrid threats“.

The book has 76 pages and appeared in May 2016. It appeared as print version (university paper) for 15 EUR under ISBN 978-3-946119-82-1 (via Amazon or directly verlag@libertas-institut.com), and with Amazon and most other eBook shops (worldwide) for 4,99 EUR as eBook (in Kindle Format, ePub, MobiPocket or PDF). More Details with the exact ISBNs on the Flyer under http://www.libertas-institut.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Flyer-Economic-Security.pdf.

 

 

 

Siberia – a new destination for tourists

Tourism and Russia – this was mainly restricted to some big cities like Moscow or St. Petersburg. Other regions never played a big role. This may soon change. In the beginning of April 2013, the Russian State University for Trade and Economy (RSUTE) in Omsk, who runs there a successful branch for this university anchored in 27 cities and with a long history of transferring know-how in business already in Tsarist times, organised a conference on „Sustainable Development of the Region“. The region is, for example, Omsk Oblast, with approx. 2 million population of which 1,1 live in the city of Omsk. This means that the rest of the large Oblast does not include too many bigger towns and is thinly populated.

It is due to the efficiency of the Rector of RSUTE Omsk, Prof. Sergey Metelev, and his deputy, Prof. Svetlana Bolotova, and the Head of Humanities, Prof. Svetlana Efimova, that the „2. Manikinskiy Readings“ took this spin, and the conference was a great success: Many speakers focussed on different kinds of tourism, and it was impressing what the Omsk Oblast has to offer. From a town which has archeological diggings, to a untouched nature where many fur animals or birds can be watched, to many witnesses e.g. of a German-related history (where in the years after 1730 „Forposts“, in German: Vorposten, have been built by a Prussian army officer on behalf of the Russian Tsar). Still today one can find a surprising high quota of German speaking people (besides English), and many names in the population seem to have German origins. European individual or small group tourists may be at ease in Siberia in summer (when it can become hotter than in Europe!), but also in winter, when it is cold of course, but in a continental-dry version. Of course the relatively short summer season may be more interesting. And the fact that now the „Governors“ are elected by the citizens of the regions themselves and are not anymore imposed by the Kremlin may contribute to a more citizen-oriented policy.

There are many guest houses needed, or small hotels and this also in more remote areas – but this can be managed, and there is already an infrastructure. Also with the help of foreign direct investment, maybe together in joint ventures with locals (for e.g. a hotel, or a guest house). The other endeavors can be managed by the local business alone, i. e. car or bicycle rentals (the European affection to cycling in flat areas must still be made conscient), guided tours, photo safaris, historical tours etc. There are many museums there in the province, and I believe it will be not a too big problem to cope with e.g. the English language for many objects, maps, pictures etc., but also with guided tours. So this will be also an important task to the Siberians. Now it lacks only the offers, via European tour organisers, or via Siberian ones directly. This is now the vacuum to fill – and one can start modestly.

How a region can be developed is visible in many websites, e.g. of the OECD, of tourism regions, of the EU. In Russia, the development of regions by tourism is only at a certain start. Tourism is a unique job machine. The people are hospitable, with a sound intellectual curiosity, and the investment should be welcome, as oil and gas are not everything, and Russia needs a diversification.

One can bet that in 5 – 10 -15 years, tourism will be a stable and visible element in the region’s statistical figures. Mr. Metelev, who masters the art of networking in an excellent way, is an economist!

Hans-Jürgen Zahorka