New topical issue: EUFAJ 2 / 2014 is out

Please find here the link of the latest, topical issue of „European Union Foreign Affairs Journal“ (EUFAJ), 2 / 2014, which is now online:

• an article on the reasons and political forces who are against a Moldovan accession to the EU,
• an alternative to the Association Agreement Armenia / EU, written by a former government advisor of Armenia from the EU,
• a historical overview about the process of Georgia’s statehood building,
• a fact sheet about the topical relations EU / Ukraine,
• and another fact sheet about EU sanctions – whoever may be concerned,
• as well as an article – especially on agriculture and fisheries – on Iceland and the EU,
and contributions on
• a Berlin conference between Armenians and Azerbaijanis on the economic future of Nagorno Karabakh and the region,
and some other shorter articles and reviews …

The whole context and other issues since 2009 can be downloaded under



Ukraine: The Decisions of the EU Council from 20.2.2014 against the Responsibles of the Kiev Bloodshed

It could now be written more and in very clear words about the sSituation in Ukraine. In particular, why dictator Yanukovich did not yet sign the unanimous decision of the Parliament, where 34 members of his Party of Regions have contributed to a Lifting of the „Anti-Terror rules“ for the Police, enabling also the army to take part (whch is not likely now). This Parliament decision Needs the signature of Yanukovich to become valid. We could also write that the Parliament press Speaker has evidently left Ukraine, together with his fsmily, another sign of Dissolution, and that the whole Police in various cities has pledged not to fight against the protesters thus showing Support for them. In this context, it is cynical what a German M.P. from „Die Linke“ has said on the Events in Ukraine, quasi excusing what Yanukovich’s death squadrons did today.

But we want today to help the EU getting a bit more public by distributing the text of their Council decision from today’s 20.2.2014:

Council conclusions on Ukraine
FOREIG AFFAIRS Council Meeting, Brussels, 20 February 2014

The Council adopted the following conclusions:

1. The European Union is appalled and deeply dismayed by the deteriorating situation in
Ukraine. No circumstances can justify the repression we are currently witnessing. We
condemn in the strongest terms all use of violence. Those responsible for grave human rights
violations should be brought to justice. Our thoughts are with the families of those who have
lost their lives and with the injured. We call for an immediate end to the violence, full respect
of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right of access to medical
assistance, and for urgent independent investigations into Human Rights violations, notably
through the Council of Europe International Advisory Panel. We call upon the Government to
exercise maximum restraint and opposition leaders to distance themselves from those who
resort to radical action, including violence. It urges the Ukrainian government to abide by its
obligations under international Human Rights instruments to which it is a State party. Any
further escalation, including the introduction of a State of Emergency, or the use of the armed
forces against protesters must be avoided.

2. We call on all sides to engage, without further delay, in a meaningful dialogue, to fulfil the
legitimate democratic aspirations of the Ukrainian people. Recalling its conclusions of 10
February, as well as statements by the President of the European Council, President of the
European Commission, and the EU’s High Representative, the Council remains fully
committed to offering its assistance to promote political dialogue between the sides and help
de-escalate the situation. We expect Ukraine’s elected representatives to assume their political
responsibilities, including in the Verkhovna Rada. The Council underlines that the prime
responsibility for the current situation, and for taking the first step to enable such a dialogue
lies squarely with President Yanukovych and the Ukrainian authorities.

3. The European Union continues to believe that any lasting solution to the political crisis must
include constitutional reform, the formation of a new inclusive government and the creation
of the conditions for democratic elections. We remain ready to support Ukraine in the process
of reform to deliver a stable, prosperous and democratic future for its citizens. Our offer of
political association and economic integration remains on the table. The Council recalls that
the Association Agreement, including a DCFTA, does not constitute the final goal in EUUkraine
cooperation. Furthermore, the European Union stands ready to offer assistance and
support humanitarian organisations for the replenishment of stocks of medicine and medical
equipment for the treatment of people affected by the violence.

4. In light of the deteriorating situation, the EU has decided as a matter of urgency to introduce
targeted sanctions including asset freeze and visa ban against those responsible for human
rights violations, violence and use of excessive force. Member States agreed to suspend
export licences on equipment which might be used for internal repression and reassess export
licences for equipment covered by Common Position 2008/944/CFSP. The Council tasked the
relevant Working Parties to make the necessary preparations immediately. The scale of
implementation will be taken forward in the light of developments in Ukraine.

5. Faced with such grave crisis in Europe, the EU will continue to work in close cooperation
with the international community, including in support of both the OSCE and the Council of
Europe, to find a lasting, inclusive solution that respects the rights of all Ukrainians.

6. The Council underscores the importance of a vibrant civil society for ensuring the democratic
and prosperous future of Ukraine. It reiterates the commitment to enhance people-to-people
contacts between the EU and Ukraine, i.a. through the visa liberalisation process, along with
agreed conditions in the framework of the VLAP. Meanwhile, the Council encourages
Member States to make optimal use of the Visa Facilitation Agreement provisions and of flexibilities offered by the Visa Code.“

Hans-Jürgen Zahorka
Chief Editor, European Union Foreign Affairs Journal